In an earlier paper I have shown an example of how long term drawdowns can be used for the computation of long term storage in artesian and semiartesian areas. In most cases the long term storage is more or less equivalent to the specific yield at the water table; the storage mechanisms of consolidation playing a minor role in long term situations. The specific yield in artesian areas is a very important parameter in the prediction of long term effects of ground water withdrawal. Especially the stream depletion will often mainly be governed by draw-downs in upper nonpumped aquifers near the water table, and these drawdowns depend to a great extent on the specific yield at the water table.
A determination of long term storage will often necessitate long term draw-down data, however, under certain circumstances a determination can be made on the basis of a pumping test of limited duration (3-5 weeks) provided drawdown observations at the water table can be made. In this paper some formulas dealing with water table drawdowns in different geohydrologic systems are reviewed, and two cases in which these formulas have been used in practice are presented.
- Received August 18, 1980.
- © IWA Publishing 1980