The heavy use of manure and fertilizers has in some parts of Sweden resulted in unacceptable concentrations of nitrate in ground water used for private and municipal water supply. In Halland for example, several of the municipal water supplies have nitrate concentrations close to 50 mg/I. Either anionic exchange or mixing with water with less nitrate are used to reduce the nitrate content in the distributed water. However, some wells have been abandoned because of high nitrate concentrations. In this study an attempt is made to reduce the nitrogen contamination of the ground water at the source. In well recharge areas the agricultural practices are investigated and, if necessary, alterations are proposed to the farmer in order to decrease the nitrogen leaching from the soil profile. The effect of these improvements is continuously studied in soil and ground water. An action plan is proposed for water supplies with dominating arable land in the recharge area.
- Received October 1, 1984.
- © IWA Publishing 1984