The distribution of metals (aluminum, manganese, iron, copper, zinc, cadmium and lead) between suspended particles and solution phase has been studied by analysis of time series data in a stream receiving leachates from a mine tailings deposit. A precipitation of aluminum and iron takes place when the acidic effluents are neutralized by unpolluted groundwater, while the other dissolved elements never reach saturation. The particulate fraction is largely amorphous. A transfer of dissolved elements from the solution phase to the particle phase, increasing in the order zinc < cadmium < copper < lead with increasing pH, is observed. This removal of metals from the aqueous phase appears to be due to sorption processes rather than to coprecipitation. The formation of a particulate metal fraction could be the means for long-range transportation and redistribution of metals in environmental water systems.
- Received September 11, 1987.
- © IWA Publishing 1987