The thermal bar in Lake Ladoga was studied during one week in May 1991. Temperature and current velocity distributions were measured. The movement of the thermal bar and the horizontal heat transport were examined.
The temperature off-shore the thermal bar was found to be constant within a vertical. The velocity distributions were complex and dependent on wind conditions. Calculations of changes in heat content showed that there was a horizontal heat transport from the near-shore warm zone towards the thermal bar. The observed off-shore progression of the thermal bar was compared with analytically computed progression rates. The progression rate is underestimated if it is assumed that surface heating and vertical mixing are the only mechanisms contributing to the thermal bar progression. Better agreement is obtained if mixing of warm and cold water near the thermal bar zone is considered.
- Received August 25, 1992.
- Revision received June 16, 1993.
- Accepted August 24, 1993.
- © IWA Publishing 1993