The aim of this research was to develop an automated methodology for validating chronological series of natural inflows to reservoirs. Theoretically, gauges located on the same reservoir should indicate the same reading. However, under the influence of meteorological and hydraulic factors, or simply because of failed measuring equipment, there may be large deviations between the various measurements. Since the calculation of historical natural inflows is directly linked to the measurement of reservoir level by the water balance equation, there will be as many series of natural inflows as there are of reservoir levels. A multivariate filtering technique is used to validate the historical natural inflow computed by each water level variation. The multi filter methodology has the advantage of balancing the water volume of natural inflows to the reservoir when applied over a relatively long period of time. As a result, the validated flood peaks are not systematically overestimated or underestimated and the validated natural inflows are nearly identical for all the gauges. The proposed technique has been incorporated into a software program called ValiDeb, which has been successfully tested on-site on the Gatineau River in Quebec.
- Received September 14, 1998.
- Revision received June 8, 1999.
- Accepted December 3, 1999.
- © IWA Publishing 2000