The process of interception was studied in 25-year-old dense stands of Norway spruce in South Sweden. The throughfall was measured intensively during one month and extensively during four growing seasons using water captured by large roofs and with randomly distributed funnel gauges. It was found that about 45% of the precipitation was lost as interception loss from this dense forest canopy. However, many sources of potential error, particularly in measurement of precipitation and throughfall, may be involved in quantifying the interception loss. The data set was used to test the interception part of a hydrological model, SOIL. The model uses a simple threshold formulation to calculate the accumulation of intercepted water in a single storage variable. The model was able to estimate fairly well the long-term cumulative interception loss from the forest canopy However, similarly to many other models, SOIL showed a pattern of overestimation of the interception loss during events with small precipitation and underestimation during events with large precipitation. It was concluded that the storage capacity was of major importance in modelling of long-term interception loss. Tree canopy water storage capacity on a leaf area basis was estimated to 0.7 mm which was three times larger than that obtained from a precipitation/throughfall graph.
- Received February 22, 2000.
- Revision received August 4, 2000.
- Accepted March 22, 2001.
- © IWA Publishing 2001