Land use/cover change (LUCC) is one of the crucial factors influencing the hydrological process, thus the flood characteristics in time and space. Therefore the evaluation of the change of flood characteristics implies an integrated analysis of LUCC and hydraulic simulation. In this study, the effect of LUCC on flood is examined based on an approach composed of three parts: (1) reproduction of spatially explicit LUCC; (2) application of a 2D hydraulic modelling for flood simulation; (3) demonstration of results for Beijing. The approach is applied to a flood-prone area in Beijing. The results show that 8% and 21% of the study area experienced LUCC during 1991–2001 and 2001–2011, respectively, and these changes greatly influenced the characteristics of the 20-year flood, i.e., (1) the flood zone is doubled during 1991–2001 and about four-fold during 2001–2011; (2) the water depth is increased for most of the study area; and (3) the flow velocity becomes faster. It indicates that flooding still exists within Beijing and is even more dangerous than 40 years ago and suggests that actual land use pattern and existing flood protection works should be re-evaluated regarding the flood characteristics change due to LUCC.
- 2D hydraulic model
- flood characteristics
- land use/cover change
- First received 14 May 2015.
- Accepted in revised form 11 December 2015.
- © 2016 The Authors
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